Corona Virus Disease- (COVID-19): Introduction

Home » Opinion » Corona Virus Disease- (COVID-19): Introduction

By FK WEB DESK on 12/03/2020.

Corona Virus Disease- (COVID-19): Introduction



• Corona Virus is a respiratory disease caused by a novel (new) coronavirus that was first detected in China and has now been detected in almost 106 locations internationally, including in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

• The virus has been named “SARS-CoV-2” and the disease it causes as “coronavirus disease 2019” (COVID-19)

• Coronaviruses are a large family of influenza viruses that commonly infect people and many animals including camels, cattle, cats, and bats.

Spread of infection

• The new coronavirus spreads primarily through droplets generated when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.

• Infection can spread if one touches, kisses, shakes hands or remains in close contact with the infected person.

• Infection can also spread rapidly in closed spaces as in Public buses, trains, metros, air planes or in big social/political/religious gatherings.

• Infection can also spread if one touches infected doors, windows, tables, handles or other surfaces as the virus remains alive for 6 to 12 hours and at times for days depending on weather conditions.

Prevention of spread of infection

Steps Required to Protect Yourself

• Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.

• If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.

• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

• Avoid close contact with people who are sick

• Put distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. This is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick. Distance of at least 6 feet or 1 metre is essential.

Steps Required to Protect Others

• Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care

• Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow. Throw used tissues in the trash.

• Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.

• If you are sick: You should wear a facemask when you are around other people and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a facemask, then you should do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should wear a facemask if they enter your room

• If you are NOT sick: You do not need to wear a facemask unless you are caring for someone who is sick (and they are not able to wear a facemask). Facemasks may be in short supply and they should be saved for health care workers and caregivers.

• Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks. If surfaces are dirty, clean them: Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.

Dr Owais H Dar
General Secretary
Doctors Association Kashmir (DAK) And Consultant Radiologist
Kashmir Diagnostic Centre (KDC)
Janglatmandi – Anantnag